Koppitz Developmental Scoring System for the Bender® Gestalt

Koppitz Developmental Scoring System

Test, 2nd Edition (KOPPITZ-2)

Cecil R. Reynolds, Ph.D.
Age Range: 5 to 85 years
Administration Time 5–10 minutes
Administration Type Clinician-administered
Qualification Level B

Developed to determine the presence and degree of visual-motor issues; identify candidates for remediation or visual-motor training; monitor the progress of progressive degenerative diseases; and evaluate the effectiveness of intervention efforts the KOPPITZ has been recently revised. The KOPPITZ-2 has been updated to include an expanded age range with additional norms and improved reliability and is suitable for those ages 5 to 85.

The KOPPITZ-2 includes the following characteristics:
• New norms based on a nationally representative sample of 3,600 people.
• Separate scoring systems for young children (ages 5 to 7 years) and older children and adults (ages 8 to 85+ years).
• The addition of two- and three-dimensional drawings for older children and adults — drawings that can reveal subtle visual-motor integration deficits.
• A completely nonverbal format that makes the test appropriate for individuals from all cultural and ethnic backgrounds
• High reliability across age, gender, and ethnicity.
• Detailed scoring guidelines that insure high interscorer reliability.
• A variety of scores — standard scores, percentile ranks, specialized scores, and age equivalents — to meet the needs of all practitioners.
• A separate section of the Manual explaining how to use KOPPITZ Emotional Indicators (EIs) and a specialized form for this purpose.

How to Use the Assessment
The KOPPITZ-2 takes between 5 and 10 minutes, and is administered by a clinician. The respondent is required to draw figures from the Bender designs on a plain sheet of paper that become increasingly more complex. The respondent is also expected to organize the task independently.

Scales & Forms
• Visual-motor Integration Skills