The Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory, Second Edition (YLS/CMI-2™) is a gender-informed, culturally-informed, strengths-focused risk/needs tool that reliably and accurately classifies and predicts re-offending within male and female juvenile populations. Created for both genders, the YLS/CMI-2 includes new features to address needs of a growing adolescent offender population:
• Expanded age range – 12 to 18 years
• Large U.S. sample of over 15,000 juveniles
• Significant minority representation in normative sample
• U.S. norms by gender and setting
• Updated current literature review
• Improved definitions for non-criminogenic factors
• Guidelines that instruct users to consider gender-specific factors, as well as, the importance of minor risk/need factors and non-criminogenic needs
• Assessment items that address gender-informed responsivity factors – such as pregnancy/motherhood issues and physical/sexual victimization issues
• Assessment items that address culturally-informed responsivity factors
In addition, the YLS/CMI-2 provides an opportunity for users to evaluate positive offender attributes so that offender strengths may be highlighted and built upon in service delivery.
The YLS/CMI was derived from the adult LSI-R and incorporates the research and development that went into the adult instrument. Research studies in Canada have shown it to be a reliable predictor of a range of outcomes and in a study undertaken in a Secure Unit in Scotland the YLS/CMI was found to be a reliable predictor of recidivism for young males and females, and to also predict the risk of future violent conduct by male youths.
The main risk assessment in the YLS/CMI is a forty-two item test divided into eight sections. It also addresses factors that whilst not strongly correlated to risk of offending may impact on risk for individual youthful offenders, and may affect responsivity to treatment. In addition there is a case management system built into the test sheet. The YLS/CMI provides an estimate of risk of reconviction for individual offenders over twelve months, and a profile of criminogenic needs. It is also increasingly being used to provide data about risk and need to help inform decisions about the design and delivery of services to young offenders.